The position is very important in a Texas Hold’em game. The later it is your turn, the better the position.

Especially in no-limit games, the position of decisive importance, since here in contrast to limit games, often increased by amounts (geraised), which can significantly affect the chances of their own success.

The players to the right of their own position must make a decision, without knowing whether the following players in the game or even raise again (increase).

The position makes a rough distinction between blinds, early position, middle position and late position. In the early position, the three players sit behind the blinds, who have to make a decision first before the flop. In particular, the first player’s turn is often referred to as “UTG – Under the Gun”. This is followed by the 3 middle positions and the two late positions. The late positions are made up of the player to the right of the dealer and the dealer himself. The player right next to the dealer is often referred to as “cut-off” and the dealer as “buttons”. There are still missing the two blinds following the dealer and dividing us into small blind and big blind.

A simple example in which the position is crucial.
We are in front of the flop (pre-flop) in a € 1 / € 2 No Limit Hold’em game with 10 players.
Our hand shows a 10 and a boy suited. We are lucky enough to be the last player in the series before Small and Big Blind complete the round.

10J suited is a mediocre hand that would probably have put us in the game in an early position. Now, however, a player raises to 5 € and another re-raises to 10 €.
Since we are now in the position to see that 2 other players seem to be holding very good cards in hand, we fold our hand without having already made the big blind as a bet.

The example shows us that it is much more difficult to make a decision when sitting in an early position and does not know how the other players will react.

If a player who always plays very safe hands raises in an early position then it tells us that he is sure to hold a very strong hand and we should fold our cards unless of course we have an outstanding hand in our own hands.

The other way round, if we notice that a player is always raising in a very late position, then one can assume that he often tries to steal the blinds and even call with a mediocre hand, provided the other games really fold or even re-raise.

The position is therefore a very crucial factor in poker, which is particularly important for the decision to enter a game, is very important.

Starting hand selection and preflop game

One of the main criteria that distinguishes a bad and a good poker player is the selection of hands to play the pre-flop. A bad player is usually recognized by the fact that he plays a lot of hands and often only calls these before the flop.

In general, the tight-aggressive tactic is considered the most successful strategy to play poker successfully in the long term. It is particularly important to limit his starting hand selection to a few hands and then play them aggressively.

The most important 3 decision criteria if a star hand is good enough to enter the game before the flop are:

1. strength of your own hand
2. position at the table
3. What did the opponents already do?

There are 3 reasons to play a starting hand. The main intention should always be that one assumes that one’s own hand is stronger than that of the opponent.

The second way to play a starting hand is in situations where we know in advance that an opponent is likely to hold a better hand, but we have positive pot odds and are hoping to greatly improve our hand on the flop. Particularly popular here are small couples with the chance of a three-of-a-kind or suited connectors like 65 in one color, which have a high probability of being flushed or flushed.

The third possibility to play a starting hand is the targeted attacking of the blinds from a late position, which makes sense especially when played with Ante (minimum bet must be made by all players in addition to the blinds before the flop) or particularly tight (cautious ) Players sit in blind positions. Of course, there are other situations in which it may be useful in some cases, a starting hand to play, but these go well beyond the basics of poker game and should not interest us initially.

The starting hand selection depends very much on your own position. For example, it is advisable to fold a hand like A10 from early position, as the odds that one of the many players whose decision is still pending are better than 50%. In late position, as for example by the Dealerbutten, it makes sense again to raise with A10, since with still 2 outstanding players the probability is higher, that one holds the best hand with itself.

The prerequisite for understanding this article is that you have already dealt with the position in poker.

In the poker literature, there are numerous tables that show you exactly in which situation you should play which hand before the flop. Since this is beyond the scope of this article, let’s use some particularly contentious examples to illustrate which hands you should play in which situations before the flop, and which hands you should better fold.

The positions are divided into “early position”, “middle position”, “late position” and “blinds”. It is assumed that all players still have enough chips and the blinds can be easily paid by all players. A tournament is divided into different phases and due to the increasing blinds it is worthwhile to play more aggressively as the game progresses. But here we start with a standard tournament that is still in an early phase, as the hand selection in this phase is easiest to explain.

Example 1: You are sitting with AJ in late position. In front of you one player raises the 3x big blind and all other players fold.

AJ is a good hand, especially in late position, with which you should normally raise. In this case, however, as another player raises for no apparent reason and suggests having a strong hand, it makes sense to separate from the hand.

Reason: Aj is a good hand with which you would normally raise all other players from middle position. Good players in early or middle position, especially at the beginning of a tournament, raise primarily strong hands from AJ upwards. Now, if you call AJ, the likelihood of being ahead with that hand is less than 50%. In particular, if the flop shows an AJ could lead to an early tournament, as the odds that our opponent also holds a high ace are very large and it will be very hard to throw away AJ afterwards. In order not to get into this situation, you should consistently fold AJ in the early tournament phase against Raises.

Example 2: You are in middle position with 1010 and all players have folded in front of you.

1010 is a good hand as you already have a middle pair in your hand. In that case, you should raise 3-4x Big Blind Raisen yourself. If an opponent decides to re-raise before the flop, a fold is advisable.

Reason: Your 10s are a good hand to attack the blinds, as you will still have a good chance of winning the pot in a call after the flop. Against Raise you should get rid of this hand. The likelihood that a player who re-raises you holding an even higher pair is very high. However, depending on the amount of the re-raise you can think about a call if you only intend to flop a treble and thus win a high pot against a very good hand. The probability of making a treble on the flop is about 1: 8. It is important to get rid of the hand in any case you should not hit the treble.

Example 3: You hold QQ in a late position and in front of you one player has raised and another player has reraised.

In the case of ladies, some speak of a made-hand, which should only be folded in very rare cases before the flop. In this case, however, it is so far.

Reason: Since we are in an early tournament phase and do not want to risk our survival, we avoid this danger by a fold and wait for situations in which it is easier and safer to expand our chip stack. As one player raises and another player re-raises, the re-winning player’s hand range is usually between JJ, AK, and AA. Since only the JJ are worse than our hand and we do not want to get involved in a coin flip against AK in an early tournament, this is the right decision to fold the hand. In a later tournament phase, with higher blinds and usually more aggressive opponents, a call or further re-raise may make sense.

We hope that these 3 examples illustrate how important it is to make the right choice in the starting hand selection, to avoid difficult situations and not to go into stronger hands. It certainly takes a lot of discipline to play only a few hands at first, but you will soon realize that this is an important key to success as a poker player.

To successfully play poker, you have to gain advantages over your opponents. Therefore, it is essential to deal with different strategies and apply them to the tables. Only by learning basic theoretical knowledge, advanced strategies and lots of practical experience can you improve your game. Below are general tips and hints that will help you to improve your game and maximize your profits.

1. Get involved with the topic of poker. Absorb as much information about strategy, etc. as possible. Read books about poker. Use the theory and your practice to find your own way of playing poker.

2. Play poker only when you feel comfortable and balanced. An extreme emotional state (anger, grief, euphoria) will negatively affect your game and depress your win rate. Constant concentration and flawless play is extremely difficult!

3. Bankroll management is an important factor in profit-oriented poker play. It is not a problem to occasionally take shots in higher limits, but in principle a solid bankroll management is a prerequisite for success in poker.

4. Try to play a tight-aggressive style of play at the beginning and try to develop it individually.

5. Avoid going to “tilt”! Variance is a big part of the game. Everyone experiences luck and bad luck. Concentrate on whether you have played your hand optimally and be happy if you get your chips in a good situation in the middle. There will sometimes be situations that you can not easily swallow. Often a break of 1 to 2 days helps to attack again with full mental strength.

6. Texas Holdem has different game variations (cash game, sit n gos, multi-table tournaments). Try out which game variant you feel comfortable with and which matches your strengths. Try mixing the variations as well to become a more complete and better poker player. The same goes for other poker variations like Omaha and Seven Card Stud.

7. Try to play several tables at the same time over time. Make sure that you are not overwhelmed and make rash decisions. Slowly increases the number of tables.

8. Observe and analyze your opponents. What is the playing dynamics of the table? In this case, appropriate software programs can be helpful. When using them, make sure that they are legal and the relevant poker provider accepts them.

9. Reflect your own game! It’s always hard to admit mistakes, but recognizing mistakes and eradicating them is essential to becoming a better poker player.

10. Confidently play poker and listen to your instincts! That does not mean “I have such a feeling, there is still the 9”, but finds weaknesses of your opponents and uses them mercilessly. And please leave your ego at home